Inherited or acquired?
Where do the child’s abilities and characteristics, strengths and weaknesses come from?
Every person has particular character traits, a certain way of speaking and doing things, specific abilities or various shortcomings. All these make him unique as an individual. Qualities such as courage, determination, patience or particular artistic disposition and practicality are strikingly pronounced with certain people, whereas they are barely obvious in others.
Where do these differences between individual people come from?
People in earlier cultures thought that the strengths or weaknesses had been allocated to the human being by the gods; the individual therefore simply had to cope with his personal fate as best as he could. In fairy stories and legends, fairies are depicted at the cradle bestowing certain “gifts”, thus characteristics, upon the newborn.
Today, as a result of scientific progress, we no longer believe in such explanations and refer to inheritance instead and thus to the influence of the paternal or maternal genes. We assume that the physical as well as mental characteristics of each new individual stem from the forebears. Hence the expressions: “He got that from his father!” or “She’s a real chip off the old block!”
Yet do the parents really bequeath their character to the child? Do certain genes or gene combinations cause one child to be good and full of kindness and love and the other to be violent and deceitful?
This is not the case. In reality only physical characteristics such as the colour of the eyes or the shape of the nose can be passed on by means of genes, which for their part are physical in nature. Character traits, on the other hand, being spiritual in nature, do not have their origin in the physical and therefore cannot be passed on by physical means either, that is, genetically. Thus, although physical heredity exists, in the form of purely physical characteristics, spiritual heredity does not!
Instead, the psychological similarities between parents and children are the result of the attraction of homogeneous species – a great cosmic Law, whose effects have already been described in this series.
We can conclude from recent scientific discoveries that the psychological complexities of a person are not only determined by the genes. For example, it was found that the superiority of humans over other creatures is not manifest, as originally expected, in the number of his genes. Instead of the 140,000 genes previously assumed, man only has 30,000, and this is merely five times the number of genes in a bacterium or twice as many as those of a fly. Only one per cent of the genes in humans are different from those of chimpanzees, the remaining genetic make-up being identical!
Moreover, research has shown that any two people of different races and cultures are 99.9 per cent identical in their genetic make-up. Therefore, it is now believed that the determining factor is not the number of (different) genes, but the genetic interactions.
The fact remains, however, that genes are material in nature and can therefore only transmit information that affects the material, thus the body of the person.
Twins as research objects
The fact that spiritual abilities are not inherited but the Law of Homogeneous Attraction operates between parents and children is also confirmed when we consider people with identical genetic make-up, as is the case with identical twins.
Normally a woman’s ovary releases an egg every month. If this is fertilised, a child’s body will develop as a result. Exceptionally, however, it can happen that a fertilised egg does not immediately divide further in the usual manner, but first splits into two egg cells with identical genetic properties. Only after this do the two ova then begin cell division in the usual way. This results in the development of two children who look exactly alike physically, are of the same sex and have the same blood group with the same Rhesus factor – identical twins. (In contrast to this, non-identical twins do not look very alike, because the embryos in this case stem from two different eggs, both fertilised independently of each other. In this case it is not a matter of genetic twins, but only of siblings, who can also be of different sexes.)
It is clear that identical twins are alike physically. But what about the “psychological match”?
At first, scientific studies revealed great similarities in the personalities of identical twins, relating to their intelligence, interests, behaviour and their nature. But each of these twins went to the same schools, lived in the same families, grew up in the same neighbourhood and so on. So the similarities could also be partly attributed to the influence of the same environment.
Subsequent studies concentrated on identical twins that were separated from earliest childhood and had no further contact with each other. It was found that even if the twins lived in different countries and families and in different cultural and social conditions, great similarities manifest. For example, in a reported case of two men, one grew up in Germany and the other in the Caribbean. The two lived for 47 years totally unaware of each other. Both, however, were found to have similar behaviour, tastes and very personal habits. They like liquor, for example, collect elastic bands, which they wear around their wrists, and read newspapers from the back to the front.
Do we have to conclude from cases such as this that the genetic factor plays the crucial role in the formation of the personality? No, we do not. We must proceed from the basis that every human being is an individual personality, who may, however, share certain homogeneity with others – and this can lead to a joint incarnation as “identical twins”.
If we concentrate less on what they have in common and more on the differences, then a lot attracts our attention even with identical twins – not on the physical, but on the psychological level. It has been found that despite existing similar interests and behaviour, they approach things often very differently: One is perhaps an extrovert, the other introverted; one may be superficial, the other troubled or particularly profound. It is also well known that with many twins one clearly dominates the other.
We can sense the differences between identical twins. Despite their physical similarity, we never have the impression of being in the company of two identical personalities. Each twin radiates something different.
Incidentally, conspicuous differences in character are found also in cloned animals, whose genetic make-up is identical. In a group of cloned cows, some were manifestly very aggressive, others turned out to be extremely timid. The clone of a cat named “Rainbow”, who was very shy and very reserved, was noticeably quite the opposite, namely curious and playful. These evident differences in character in these cloned animals, (in spite of their identical genetic make-up), can be explained by the fact that animals too – just like we humans – have a living core, which animates the body and has already existed long before the physical body was formed.
Thus humans inherit nothing spiritual from their forebears. A child’s character, its personality, attributes, strengths and weaknesses stem from within itself. They are the product of the child’s development to date, which has taken place in the ethereal planes and in the gross-material planes already long before its present birth.
Artificial fertilisation in a new light
These facts also shed a whole new light on the processes connected with “artificial fertilisation”.
This technology makes it possible to remove several of the mother’s eggs by aspiration; these are then brought into contact with the father’s sperm in a test-tube. Afterwards, one or more of the fertilised egg cells are transferred back to the mother’s womb, where, if everything goes well, their development continues. In such cases the child, just like every other child, will physically resemble its parents. There will also be a certain spiritual homogeneity, since in its further course it is a “normal pregnancy”.
There is, of course, another form of artificial fertilisation, whereby, due to a defect in the reproductive organs of one of the parents, an egg or sperm from a donor is used instead. Therefore half the genetic make-up of such a developing child’s body comes from a foreign donor. In such a situation the spirit of the donor has no part in the subsequent process of incarnation, because the donation takes place anonymously and the pregnancy is completed with the donor out of the picture, that is, having no knowledge of it or being in the immediate vicinity of the mother-to-be. Physically therefore the child only resembles one of the parents, but the spiritual homogeneity is shared with both parents, since it has been attracted by them.
The question of who, in the case of a donated egg, is the child’s “real” mother, ought to be answered in any case – from a spiritual point of view – in favour of the woman who carries the child in her womb, as only she has an inner homogeneous connection with the child.
When “surrogate” mothers become real mothers
It does occur, however, that a woman cannot give birth to a child and then a “surrogate” mother does this for her – a woman who is willing to have an embryo implanted into her womb and then give the child to its legal parents after the pregnancy.
Physically, the child naturally resembles its biological parents; on a spiritual level things look different. As the legal parents cannot be in the vicinity of the embryo continuously, thus to provide a pole of homogeneity and consequently influence the attraction process, the incarnation can happen on the basis of the attraction between the spirit of the surrogate mother and that of the child. This has already triggered many a drama. Surrogate mothers often feel torn up inside, when they have to separate from their child. They sometimes even refuse to do so. The invisible bonds, which have developed between mother and child during the pregnancy, have become so intense that the mother’s love rejects any separation – a love which has still yet to develop with the legal mother, after the child is handed over to her.
Adoption and the attraction of homogeneity
Seen spiritually, the situation of parents who use a surrogate mother is essentially very similar to an adoption. Here too, a child was born far away from them and there is theoretically no homogeneity between them and this child.
Nonetheless, things can appear differently in reality. The “Law of the Attraction of Homogeneous Species” works not only during pregnancy, but everywhere in life. We continuously meet certain people, to whom we are attracted through our mutual homogeneity. People with similar character traits, aspirations or interests tend to cross each other’s path.
This applies also to a couple that would like to adopt a child. Their deep yearning to become parents shines forth and finally attracts a compatible soul. The couple can thus find a child who is well suited to them in spite of it being born elsewhere. As numerous cases demonstrate, things then turn out in a way that there are great similarities in character between adopted children and adoptive parents and in some cases even a physical resemblance can be detected.